Inverters are undoubtedly a great invention, and they have become a vital part of our lives because of their versatile uses. At present, a sine wave inverter can conveniently operate almost all domestic appliances, gadgets, and other electronic equipment. In case of power cut-off, they come in handy and are an excellent power backup unit.
A fully charged inverter efficiently powers your TV, kitchen appliances, computers, lights, fans, and other electronic gadgets. However, the number of equipment you use on the inverter depends upon the type of inverter you use.
A high-capacity sine wave inverter can power all the energy-consuming gadgets and equipment. In contrast, a typical low-capacity inverter will support only low energy-consuming devices like lights and fans.
What is an inverter?
Inverters are compact, rectangular devices that convert direct current (DC) into alternate power (AC). They are either a 12V or 24V battery or a blend of batteries grappled together parallelly. These batteries are chargeable by solar panels, automobile engines, gas generators, or other conventional power sources.
The function of a sine wave inverter
The critical function of inverters is converting Direct Current (DC) into regular, Alternating Current (AC). It means that the inverter batteries store only direct current (DC).
But domestic appliances and all other electrical gadgets operate on alternating current (AC). Moreover, the main power that is supplied to the households and industries is in the form of AC.
Inverters store power in DC form and convert it into AC power whenever there is an emergency.
Different types of inverters
There are three kinds of inverters –
a) True Sine Wave inverters ( Pure Sine Wave)
Pure Sine Wave Inverters- As the name suggests, these inverters produce a sine wave. The significant benefit of this inverter is that most appliances sold in the market operate on a sine wave. It means that true sine wave inverters safely power these appliances.
Some microwave ovens and equipment with motors work only when powered by these inverters. Battery chargers, bread makers, light dimmers, etc., also work well with these inverters.
These inverters, however, are a bit pricey than other inverters.
b) Modified Sine Wave inverters (Modified Square Wave)
These inverters have a low price range compared to pure sine wave inverters. Moreover, they can run only selected household electrical devices and equipment. They are ideal for operating kitchen appliances, fans, lights, and less power-consuming tools.
However, these inverters do not have the competence to support more energy-consuming appliances like computers, laser printers, microwave ovens, heaters, and air-conditioners.
c) Square wave inverters
They are the cheapest type of inverters and are in scarce use nowadays. It’s because these inverters can provide only power equipment with simple motors.
Inverters are available in various sizes ranging from 100W to 5000W, the rating which indicates the inverter’s capacity.
A low power rating means that the inverter can power only small appliances whereas, the high capacity indicates that an inverter can smoothly support high power equipment.
An inverter has three fundamental ratings: surge, continuous and 30-minute rating. Before purchasing the inverter you have to consider these ratings and select an inverter that best suits your requirements.
1. Surge rating
Electronic appliances like TVs and refrigerators necessitate an elevated surge to initiate their functioning. But, once they start running, they need considerably less power for continuous operation. So, an inverter needs to preserve the surge for at least 5 seconds.
2. 30-minutes rating
It defines the uninterrupted power supply utilized without any overheating or shutting down the inverter.
3. Continuous rating
This rating is best for appliances used occasionally.
Exeltech is a leading inverter company providing homes and industries with continuous power through their sine wave inverters. If you are confused about which inverter to bring home, the company experts will be able to solve your dilemma.